Not a lot of people know this, but the discovery of the Big Bear Valley was the result of one of Southern California’s few “cowboy and Indian” skirmishes. In 1845, Benjamin Wilson led a group of men in pursuit of a band of local Indians who had stolen horses from ranchers in Riverside and driven them to the high desert near Lucerne Valley.
Wilson was a Southern California land owner who coincidentally was destined to become the grandfather of one of the most famous men in America, General George S. Patton.
While in pursuit of the marauders, some of Wilson’s men were routed through the San Bernardino Mountains where they discovered a high mountain valley heavily populated with wildlife, and in particular, Grizzly Bear. Due to the abundance of bear Wilson called the area Bear Valley.
In 1855, gold was discovered in Big Bear by William F. Holcomb in a place called Starvation Flats, near the intersection of what is now Big Bear Boulevard and Division Drive. What followed was Southern California’s largest gold rush. Soon Holcomb Valley, a small mountain valley north of Big Bear, became the center of the gold rush activity and the most populated area in San Bernardino County. Ironically, today Holcomb Valley is mere shadow of its former self with virtually no full-time residents and only visitors consisting mainly of campers and off road enthusiasts.
In 1884, an arch dam made of rock was constructed over the marshy meadow lands in the center of the Big Bear Valley, forming a man-made reservoir for irrigating citrus crops in Redlands. This original dam held back some 25,000 acre feet of water. In 1912, a larger dam was constructed, increasing the capacity of what would become known as Big Bear Lake to roughly 73,000 acre feet of water.
In the early years water was released routinely from Big Bear Lake for irrigation purposes to the owners of the lake water who resided in the San Bernardino Valley. This caused lake levels to vary widely. In 1996, the Metropolitan Water District, the entity that manages Big Bear Lake, entered into an agreement to preserve the lake water by providing irrigation from another source to the owners of Big Bear Lake’s water. Since then lake levels have remained much more stable.
During the intervening years, the Grizzly Bear, for which Big Bear received its name, was hunted to extinction. The last Grizzly was killed in 1906.
Winter sports have always been a natural adjunct to Big Bear. In 1928, a competition ski jump was installed near what is now the Elk’s Lodge just west of the Village area. Later, in 1949, the first ski resort opened. Three years after that saw the opening of the famous Snow Summit Ski Resort, but it was not until 1961 that Big Bear stopped being fully dependent on naturally produced snow. That was the year that Snow Summit installed the first extensive snow making apparatus, causing Big Bear to become a full-time winter destination.
In 2002, Snow Summit purchased Bear Mountain, the other local winter resort. Together these areas became known as Big Bear Mountain Resorts, creating a dual mountain experience that continues to attract over 34,000 visitors per month during its peak winter season.